Kang Reading Order: Nathaniel Richards (1963-Present)

Kang the Conqueror has been one of the Avengers’ most intriguing enemies. His main goal has been to dominate not just the world, but every world in every era. He’s the master of time and that means there are numerous versions of him, often leading Kang to try and outdo his past and future selves, most notably Immortus.

Below is a reading order for Kang and it’s worth noting that the very nature of his ability to travel through time means that he doesn’t always face the Avengers in a convenient, chronological order!

Must Reads: Story arcs marked with a ✔ are must-read stories from this time period, along with any key related stories and often-forgotten tales that are worth a read.

When an issue contains multiple stories, the relevant story is denoted with square brackets. For example [2/5] refers to the second story of the five stories in that issue, so you don’t need to read the other four

Before becoming Kang, Nathaniel Richards adopted other identities in an effort to avoid meeting his destiny. Many of these tales involve him interacting with his future self and are better read from Kang’s perspective (see the Reading Order section).

Must ReadsTitle & SynopsisCrossover / Event
Avengers #2-3 (2017)
The Vision’s attempt to prevent Nathanial Richards from becoming Kang the Conqueror by kidnapping him as an infant spawns multiple Kang variants; the Avengers return the baby to prevent divergent Kangs from killing their younger selves.
Kang the Conqueror #1-5 (2021-2022)
Nathaniel Richards is visited by Kang the Conqueror, his own future self who wants him to be an even better version of himself; young Nathaniel rebels against the adult Kang but finds destiny difficult to escape.
Young Avengers Special #1 (2005)
Flashbacks: Kang’s exact role in the formation of the Young Avengers is revealed in flashbacks detailing Iron Lad‘s arrival in present day Earth-616.
Young Avengers #1-6 (2005)
Young Kang plays a key role in the creation of the Young Avengers and meets a familiar antagonist.

1st appearances: Young Avengers (Asgardian/Wiccan/Billy Kaplan, Kate Bishop, Hulkling/Teddy Altman, Patriot/Eli Bradley), Susan Bishop, Rebecca Kaplan, Iron Lad Armour

New identities: Nathaniel Richards as Iron Lad, Cassie Lang as Stature
Avengers: Children’s Crusade – Young Avengers #1 (2011)
Avengers Children’s Crusade #4-9 (2011-2012)
Iron Lad travels through time upsetting Kang’s plans, only to end up setting himself on a path that will see him becoming Kang regardless.

Avengers #33-34 (2014)
Iron Lad, Kang and Immortus save Captain America when he’s lost in the timestream, but try to keep him from returning in an effort to save the shattering multiverse.
Infinity Wars #1 (2018)
Iron Lad returns Adam Warlock and Drax to present day Earth-616.
FF #8 (2013)
Kid Immortus cameo; Doctor Doom is visited by Kid Immortus – a young Nathaniel Richards – hoping to trump his destiny and bring about the end of the Fantastic Four.

1st appearances: Ravonna Renslayer/Valeria Richards of an alternate Earth

New identities: Nathaniel Richards/Iron Lad as Kid Immortus
FF #12-16 (2013-2014)
Kid Immortus manipulates Doctor Doom into merging with Annihilus in an attempt to form Doom the Annihilating Conqueror, pitting him against two Fantastic Four line-ups.

1st appearance: Ulana
What If #39 (1992)
Kang’s name is revealed to be Nathanial Richards; The Time Variance Authority (TVA) send the Fantastic Four of Earth-7712 to Earth-6311 to kill Nathaniel Richards before he can become Kang; instead, Nathanial Richards tests his and Reed Richards‘ DNA and confirms that they are related.
Killpower: The Early Years #1-2 (1993)
Killpower is sent by the Time Guardian to obtain the Chronifact from Rama-Tut (Nathaniel Richards) who is establishing himself in Egypt.
Rise of Apocalypse #1-2 (1996)
En Sabah Nur’s mutant powers kick in just as Rama-Tut comes to power in ancient Egypt; Rama-Tut decides to make En Sabah Nur his heir.

1st appearances: Baal of the Crimson Sands, Clan Akkaba, Sandstormers
Infinity Countdown: Adam Warlock #1 (2018)
Rama-Tut is charged with keeping Adam Warlock safe from a cosmic threat.
West Coast Avengers #20-21 (1987)
The West Coast Avengers‘ end up lost in time, ending up in ancient Egypt during Rama-Tut’s reign.

Want to keep it simple? Here’s the core reading order without story descriptions, page-by-page breakdowns or less non-essential appearances – just the primary stories:

Prior Reading

  •     Avengers (2017) #2-3
  •     Kang the Conqueror #1-5
  •     Young Avengers Special #1
  •     Young Avengers (2005) #1-6
  •     Avengers: The Children’s Crusade – Young Avengers #1
  •     Avengers: The Children’s Crusade #4-9
  •     Avengers (2013) #33-34
  •     Infinity Wars #1
  •     FF (2013) #8, 12-16
  • What If (1989) #39
  •      Killpower: The Early Years #1-2
  •      Rise of Apocalypse #1-2
  •      Infinity Countdown: Adam Warlock #1
  •      West Coast Avengers (1985) #20-21

Main Chronology

  • Fantastic Four #19
  •      Doctor Strange (1974) #53
  •      Rise of Apocalypse #3-4
  • Fantastic Four Annual (1963) #2 [2/4]
  • What If (1977) #29 [1/3]
  • Avengers Annual (1967) #2 [1/3]
  •      Fantastic Four (2018) #35 [2/3]
  •      Iron Man (1996) #11
  •      Cable (1993) #32
  • Cable (1993) #57
  • Avengers (1963) #8
  •      Captain America Annual (1971) #11 [4/4]
  •      Avengers (1963) #11
  •      Strange Tales (1951) #134 [1/2]
  •      Avengers (1963) #16
  •      Fantastic Four Annual (1963) #3 [1/4]
  • Avengers (1963) #23-24
  •      Thor #140 [1/2]
  • Avengers (1963) #69-71
  •      Thor Annual (1966) #17 [4/4]
  • Incredible Hulk (1968) #135
  •      Marvel Team-Up (1972) #9-11
  • Avengers (1963) #128-129
  • Giant-Size Avengers #2 [1/2]
  • Avengers (1963) #131-132
  • Giant-Size Avengers #3 [1/2]
  • Giant-Size Avengers #4 [1/3]
  • Avengers (1963) #141-143
  •      Secret Wars (1984) #1-3
  •      Thor #383
  •      Secret Wars (1984) #4, 11
  • Symbiote Spider-Man: Back in Black #1-5
  •      Secret Wars II #7
  • Avengers (1963) #267-269
  •      Fantastic Four Annual (1963) #21[5/5]
  •      Avengers (1963) #291-297
  •      Fantastic Four (1961) #324
  •      Avengers #300
  •      Fantastic Four (1961) #325
  •      Fantastic Four (1961) #338
  • Infinity War #1-3
  •      Silver Sable & the Wild Pack #4
  • Infinity War #4
  •      Silver Sable & the Wild Pack #5
  • Infinity War #5
  •      Captain America Annual (1971) #11 [1/4]
  •      Thor Annual (1966) #17 [1/4]
  •      Fantastic Four Annual (1963) #25 [1/5]
  •      Avengers Annual (1967) #21 [1/4]
  •      Avengers Annual (1967) #21 [4/4]
  •      Avengers: The Terminatrix Objective #1-4
  •      Savage Hulk (1996) #1
  •      Stark Trek: The Next Generation/X-Men – Second Contact #1
  •      West Coast Avengers (1985) #20
  •      Avengers (1963) #129
  •      Giant-Size Avengers #2 [1/2]
  •      Avengers (1963) #131-132
  •      Giant-Size Avengers #3 [1/2]
  •      Fantastic Four (2018) #35 [2/3]
  • Avengers Forever #1-12
  • Excalibur (2001) #4
  • Avengers (1998) #38-44
  •      Thunderbolts (1997) #57
  • Avengers (1998) #45-54
  • Young Avengers #2-6
  • Guardians of the Galaxy #19
  •      Avengers (2010) #4, 6
  • Avengers: The Children’s Crusade – Young Avengers #1
  • Uncanny Avengers (2012) #5-6, 8AU, 12, 14
  • Uncanny Avengers (2012) #18.NOW-22
  •      Avengers (2013) #33-34
  •      Uncanny Inhumans (2015) #0 [1/2]
  •      Siege #1-4
  •      Uncanny Inhumans (2015) #1-4
  •      All-New, All-Different Avengers #1-6
  • All-New, All-Different Avengers #13
  • Avengers (2017) #1-6
  •     Avengers: Back to Basics #1-6
  •     Guardians of the Galaxy (2018) #150
  •     Infinity Countdown: Adam Warlock #1
  •     Infinity Countdown #5
  •     Infinity Wars #4-6
  •     Unbeatable Squirrel Girl (2015) #42
  •     Moon Knight Annual (2019) #1
  •     Thanos: The Infinity Siblings
  •     Thanos: The Infinity Conflict
  •     Thanos: The Infinity Ending
  • Doctor Doom #1-6
  •      Doctor Doom #10
  •      Tarot #2
  •      Fantastic Four (2018) #35 [2/3]
  •      Savage Avengers #26-28
  •      Venom #8-9
  • Kang the Conqueror #1-5
  • Timeless (2022) #1
  • Timeless (2023) #1

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Chronology: Every appearance of Kang the Conqueror: Nathanial Richards, from this period is included in chronological order, mapping out their timeline rather than just the order the issues were released.
Spoilers: The issue/story overviews may include spoilers, so be warned!

Must ReadsTitle, Synopsis & First AppearancesCrossover / Event
Fantastic Four #19 (1963)
The Fantastic Four travel back in time to ancient Egypt to locate a cure for Alicia Masters’ blindness, where they meet Rama-Tut – a bored time-traveller from our future who went back in time to conquer Egypt; the FF lead a rebellion against Rama-Tut, ending his reign.

1st appearances: Rama-Tut/Nathaniel Richards, Time-Ship, Earth-6311
A modernised version of this story is told in Captain America: Man out of Time #4-5 (2011) and Avengers: Earth’s Mightiest Heroes #4 (2005)
Doctor Strange #53 (1982) / Rise of Apocalypse #3-4 (1996-1997)
Doctor Strange observes Fantastic Four’s clash with Rama-Tut during his own jaunt through time; En Sabah Nur aids in the rebellion against Rama-Tut, encouraging him to leave ancient Egypt.
Fantastic Four Annual #2 [4/4] (1964)
Rama-Tut rescues the time-lost Doctor Doom from the timestream on his way back to the future; Doom and Tut somehow decide that they could well be the same person at different points in their lives.
What If #29 [1/3] (1981)
Rama-Tut arrives on Earth-689, adopting a new identity as the Scarlet Centurion; a divergent timeline is created giving birth to the Scarlet Centurion of Earth-8110.
Avengers Annual #2 [1/3] (1968)
The Scarlet Centurion attempts to conquer Earth-689; the Centurion is defeated the Avengers of both Earth-689 and Earth-616, marking Nathaniel Richards’ first clash with Earth’s Mightiest Heroes.
New Identities: Rama-Tut/Nathaniel Richards as Scarlet Centurion
Fantastic Four #35 [2/3] (2021)
Scarlet Centurion, Rama-Tut, Kang and Immortus meet to discuss the questionable actions of Scion, believing him to be a new variation of Nathaniel Richards of Earth-Earth-6311.
Iron Man #11 (1997)
Rama-Tut cameo; Iron Man and Doctor Doom jump through time, unaware they’ve left Counter-Earth and arrived in the past of the real Earth where Nathaniel Richards – back in Earth’s past in his Rama-Tut guise – gives a Doom a cryptic message.
Cable #32 (1996)
Rama-Tut – voice only; the mutant Blaquesmith is kidnapped by a mystery assailant.
Cable #57 (1998)
Rama-Tut is revealed to have kidnapped Blaquesmith and forced him to help repair his damaged time ship; Cable rescues Blaquesmith and Rama-Tut returns to the timestream.
Avengers #8 (1964)
Kang the Conqueror travels from the future to the 20th century where his attempt to take over the timeline are thwarted by the Avengers.

New identities: Rama-Tut/Nathaniel Richards as Kang the Conqueror
Captain America Annual #11 [4/4] (1992)
Kang reflects on his defeat at the hands of the Avengers, as well as his time as Rama-Tut and the Scarlet Centurion, during THE WARLORD.
Avengers #11 (1964)
Kang sends a Spider-Man android on a mission to destroy the Avengers while they search for the missing Iron Man.
Strange Tales #134 [1/2] (1965)
Uatu the Watcher convinces the Thing and the Human Torch to go back in time and free Camelot from Kang’s control.
Avengers #16 (1965)
Kang observes the changes in the Avengers’ line-up.
Must ReadsTitle, Synopsis & First AppearancesCrossover / Event
Fantastic Four Annual #3 [1/4] (1965)
Kang is among the villains who interrupt Mister Fantastic and the Invisible Girl‘s wedding.

1st Modern Age appearances: Patsy Walker, Hedy Wolfe
New identities: Invisible Girl/Sue Storm as Sue Richards

This story is retold and expanded in Heroes & Legends #1 (1996)
Avengers #23-24 (1965-1966)
On Earth in the 40th Century, Kang tries to impress Princess Ravonna Renslayer by capturing the Avengers; instead, Ravonna frees the Avengers who side with Kang against his own treacherous lieutenant, Baltag; Ravonna is caught in the crossfire and placed in stasis until a cure for her injuries can be found.

1st appearance: Ravonna Renslayer (Earth-6311)
Thor #140 [1/2] (1967)
Kang returns to Earth-616 to reclaim his Growing Man robot to use in his war against Baltag, only to end up using it against Thor.

1st appearance: Growing Man
Avengers #69-71 (1969)
Kang pits the Avengers against the Grandmaster‘s Squadron Sinister in the hope of winning a cure for Ravonna’s condition; his hatred for the Avengers ultimately counts against him and allows the Black Knight to defeat him and return the Avengers to the present.

1st appearances: Grandmaster/En Dwi Gast, Squadron Sinister (Doctor Spectrum/Kinji Obatu, Hyperion/’Zhib-Ran’, Nighthawk/Kyle Richmond, Whizzer/James Sanders)
Thor Annual #17 [4/4] (1992)
Kang reflects on his defeats at the hands of the Avengers and his decision to kill them over saving Ravonna.
Incredible Hulk #135 (1971)
Kang tries to undo Bruce Banner‘s existence to prevent the Avengers from ever being formed by changing the outcome of World War II; the Hulk fails to kill his own ancestor for Kang and accidentally helps the Allies win the war; Kang is sucked into Limbo.
Marvel Team-Up #9-11 (1973)
Kang sends an android version of himself to fight the time-travelling Zarrko the Tomorrow Man in their ‘Tomorrow War’.
Avengers #128-129 (1974)
Giant-Size Avengers #2 [1/2] (1974)
Avengers #131-132 (1975)
Giant-Size Avengers #3 [1/2] (1975)
A divergent Kang tries to uncover the identity of the Celestial Madonna in order to marry her and gain cosmic power; Kang and Rama-Tut are revealed to be connected; Mantis is revealed to be the Celestial Madonna; the Avengers defeat Kang and his Legion of the Unliving before he can claim Mantis.

1st appearances: Swordsman/Cotati, Legion of the Unliving, the Cotati
Giant-Size Avengers #4 [1/3] (1975)
The divergent Kang crashes Mantis’ wedding and kidnaps a Space Phantom disguised as her.

Avengers Forever #4-6 (1999)
Kang clashes with Hawkeye and Songbird (acting on behalf of a future version of Kang), when he battles the heroes of the Old West.
Avengers #141-143 (1975-1976)
Moondragon, Thor and Hawkeye thwart Kang’s efforts to conquer 19th century Earth.
Secret Wars #1-3 (1984)
Kang is among the villains selected by the Beyonder to fight Earth’s super-powered heroes on Battleworld.

1st appearances: Beyonder, Titania/Mary MacPherran, Volcana/Marsha Rosenberg, Battleworld, Beyond
Thor #383 (1987)
Flashback: Doom and his cohorts face Thor, believing he’s the last hero alive on Battleworld.
Secret Wars #4, 11 (1985)
Doctor Doom kills Kang for betraying him; later, having gained near-omnipotent power, Doom resurrects the fallen Kang.
Symbiote Spider-Man: King in Black #1-5 (2021)
Kang allies himself with Rocket Racoon, the Black Knight, Captain Marvel and Spider-Man to prevent Mister E from taking the Ebony Blade to Knull in order to save the universe.
Must ReadsTitle, Synopsis & First AppearancesEvent / Crossover
Secret Wars II #7 (1986)
Kang is among the villains who make up the Legion Accursed, employed by Mephisto to kill the Beyonder.
Avengers #267-269 (1986)
Kang is revealed to be killing divergent versions of himself who make up the Council of Cross-Time Kangs; Kang saves Ravonna from the moment in time before she received her near-fatal injuries; Kang is driven mad when Immortus reveals himself to be a future version of Kang and takes Ravonna away with him.

1st appearances: Council of Kangs
Fantastic Four Annual #21 [5/5] (1992)
Kang ponders his recent losses, including his defeat at the hands of Immortus.
Avengers #291-297 (1988)
Kang diverges into two separate versions of himself – Prime Kang (essentially the original) and the new Kang of Earth-123488.23497 – having been driven mad by Immortus; Kang of Earth-123488.23497 joins the Council of Cross-Time Kangs and discovers a plot by Kang-Nebula to destroy the Avengers.
Fantastic Four #323 (1989)
Avengers #300 (1989)
Fantastic Four #324-325 (1989)
A time-spectre of Kang of Earth-123488.23497 battles the latest line-up of the Avengers in a fight for his own existence; Kang Prime tries to claim Mantis as his bride, once again; the Silver Surfer and the Fantastic Four come to Mantis’ aid.


Fantastic Four #338 (1990)
The divergent Kang of Earth- 123488.23497 escapes the Time-Bubble thanks to the Fantastic Four, Death’s Head and the Time Variance Authority, but meets his fate when he falls prey to a gigantic device powered by Galactus of Earth-8810; now there is only one Kang again (in theory).
Infinity War #1-3 (1992)
Silver Sable & the Wild Pack #4 (1992)
Infinity War #4 (1992)
Silver Sable & the Wild Pack #5 (1992)
Infinity War #5 (1992)
Kang joins forces with Doctor Doom as they search for the source of the Magus‘ power while preparing to betray each other.

1st appearances: Doppelganger/Spider-Man doppelganger, Thanos doppelganger
Captain America Annual #11[1/4] (1992)
Thor Annual #17 [1/4] (1992)
Fantastic Four Annual #25 [1/5] (1992)
Avengers Annual #21 [1/4] (1992)
Ravonna – now calling herself Terminatrix – goes to war with Kang; the Avengers and Fantastic Four are caught in the middle; Ravonna realises she cares for Kang when he takes the brunt of Thor’s hammer to save her life, leaving him on the brink of death.

1st appearances: Anachronauts (Apocryhus, Black Knight.Sir Raston, Deathunt 9000, Raa, Ssith, Tyndar, Wildrun), Timely
New identities: Ravonna Renslayer as Terminatrix
Avengers Annual #21[4/4] (1992)
Terminatrix places Kang in stasis during THE WARLORD.
Avengers: The Terminatrix Objective #1-4 (1993)
Terminatrix fights her future self, Revelation, to find a cure for Kang; Kang is revived, but soon finds himself at odds with Terminatrix again when she tries to kill him.

1st appearance: Revelation/Ravonna Renslayer (Earth-93091)
Savage Hulk #1 (1996)
Kang cameo; Kang is among those who fight the Hulk.
Star Trek: The Next Generation/X-Men – Second Contact #1 (1998)
Kang allies himself with the Borg against the modern-day X-Men of Earth-616 and the crew of the USS Enterprise.
West Coast Avengers #20 (1987)
Kang becomes Rama-Tut again and prepares to prevent his past self from trying to claim the Celestial Madonna.
Avengers #129 (1974)
Giant-Size Avengers #2 [1/2] (1974)
Avengers #131-132 (1975)
Giant-Size Avengers #3 [1/2] (1975)
Rama-Tut aids the Avengers against Kang – his past self – ultimately defeating him.
Fantastic Four #35 [2/3] (2021)
Rama-Tut, Scarlet Centurion, Kang and Immortus meet to discuss the questionable actions of Scion, believing him to be a new variation of Nathaniel Richards of Earth-Earth-6311.
Avengers Forever #1-3 (1998-1999)
Kang employs Avengers from different time periods to help him in his war against Immortus.

1st appearances: Captain Marvel/Genis-Vell (Earth-98120), Songbird/Melissa Gold (Earth-98210), Forever Crystal/Heart of Forever, Earth-98210.
Avengers Forever #9-12 (1999)
Kang clarifies his entire history and has his final battle with Immortus; the two diverge from each other, allowing Kang to follow his own path while Immortus continues to exist as a separate entity (see the IMMORTUS READING ORDER – Nathaniel Richards’ divergent timeline).
Excalibur #4 (2001)
Kang cameo; Captain Britain claims the throne of Otherworld, unaware that Kang has been manipulating events behind the scenes to ensure he would take this role.
Must ReadsTitle, Synopsis & First AppearancesEvent / Crossover
Avengers #38-44 (2001)
Kang monitors the Avengers activities from Damocles Base in Earth’s orbit, alongside his son, the new Scarlet Centurion (Marcus Kang); Kang and the Scarlet Centurion announce their plan to take over Earth in order to save humanity.

1st appearances: Scarlet Centurion/Marcus Kang XXII, Damocles Base
Thunderbolts #57 (2001)
Kang cameo; from Damocles Base, Kang observes Graviton’s attack on the superhumans.
Avengers #45-46, 48 (2001-2002)
Kang takes advantage of the numerous threats facing the Avengers to gain the upper hand in his ongoing conflict with them.
Avengers #49 (2002)
Kang finally defeats the Avengers and takes over Earth.

Avengers #50-54 (2002)
The Avengers challenge Kang as a showdown with Captain America decides the fate of the planet and challenges Kang’s rule.
Young Avengers #2-6 (2005)
Kang reveals Iron Lad’s secret origins when he unmasks the leader of the Young Avengers.
Guardians of the Galaxy #19 (2009)
Kang gives the time-lost Guardians of the Galaxy the means to defeat Adam Magus.
Avengers #4, 6 (2010)
Kang  battles Ultron of Earth-10943 with the Avengers of various timelines caught in the middle.
Avengers: The Children’s Crusade – Young Avengers #1 (2011)
Iron Lad tries to undo all the conquests of Kang, his future self; Kang tricks Iron Lad into a course of action that sets him on the path to becoming Kang.

Uncanny Avengers #5-6 (2013)
Kang disguises himself as Loki to manipulate the newly-formed Avengers Unity Division and kidnap the Apocalypse Twins.

1st appearances: Apocalypse Twins (Eimin, Uriel of Earth-616), Avengers Unity Division
Uncanny Avengers #8AU (2013)
Kang raises the Apocalypse Twins on Earth-26111 in an effort to change their path.
Uncanny Avengers #12 (2013)
The Apocalypse Twins destroy Kang’s reality, including the dynasty he’s built and the life of his son, the new Marcus Kang.

1st appearances: Ahab/Roderick Campbell (Earth-13044)
Uncanny Avengers #14 (2014)
Kang recruits an army made up of time-travellers, including Ahab, Stryfe, Venom (May Parker of Earth-9997), Iron Man (Arno Stark of Earth-8410), Magistrate Braddock (Elizabeth Braddock of Earth-12928, Doom (of Earth-928) and Abomination Deathlok, saving them from their dying universes.

1st appearances: Abomination Deathlok, Chronos Corps
Uncanny Avengers #18.NOW-22 (2014)
Kang and the Chronos Corps use their powers to save Earth, ending the existence of Earth-13133 and restoring Earth-616; Kang’s thirst for power turns him from saviour to despot once again, building to a final showdown with the Avengers Unity Division.
Avengers #33-34 (2014)
Kang, Iron Lad and Immortus save Captain America when he’s lost in the timestream, but try to keep him from returning in an effort to save the shattering multiverse.
Uncanny Inhumans #0[1/2] (2015)
Black Bolt of the Inhumans asks Kang to take his son Ahura into the timestream to keep him safe from the Incursions; Kang agrees on the proviso that he gets to keep Ahura even if the universe survives.
Siege #1-4 (2015)
Kang fights to keep God Emperor Doom’s Battleworld safe as a member of the Shield‘s Hel-Rangers.
Uncanny Inhumans #1-4 (2015-2016)
When the universe survives the Incursions, Black Bolt goes back on his deal with Kang and fights to bring his son home; Kang retaliates by attempting to sabotage Inhuman history.
All-New, All-Different Avengers #1-6 (2016)
A glitch in the timestream splits Kang up into numerous versions of himself, including Mister Gryphon.

1st appearances: Mister Gryphon/Nathaniel Richards

All-New, All-Different Avengers #13 (2016)
The Vision takes it upon himself to end the prevailing threat of Kang by stopping Nathaniel Richards from becoming him.
Avengers #1-6 (2017)
The Vision’s attempt to prevent Nathanial Richards from ever becoming Kang the Conqueror by kidnapping him as an infant spawns multiple Kang variants; the Avengers return the baby to prevent divergent Kangs from killing the Avengers’ younger selves.
Must ReadsTitle, Synopsis & First AppearancesEvent / Crossover
Avengers: Back to Basics #6 (2018)
Kang clashes with Mister Gryphon while manipulating one of the rookie Avengers; Kang battles Ms Marvel’s future self from Earth-6311, revealing a connection between them.
Guardians of the Galaxy #150 (2018)
Kang learns of the return of Adam Warlock.
Infinity Countdown: Adam Warlock #1
Infinity Countdown #5 (2018)
Kang sends Adam Warlock back in time to save Earth before he’s killed by a mysterious entity.
Infinity Wars #4-6 (2018-2019)
The resurrected Kang joins the Cosmic Avengers to fight Requiem.
Unbeatable Squirrel Girl #42 (2019)
Kang fights Squirrel Girl across space and time.
Moon Knight Annual #1 (2019)
Kang jumps through time in search of the magical artefacts of Khonshu, clashing with multiple avatars – the Moon Knight of each era.
Thanos: The Infinity Siblings (2018)
Thanos of Earth-81488 manipulates Starfox of his timeline and Kang in an effort to prevent his own impending death.
Thanos: The Infinity Conflict (2019)
Thanos of Earth-81488 is caught up in a conflict with the Thanos of another timeline who keep Kang in stasis prevent his interference.
Thanos: The Infinity Ending (2019)
Kang escapes and becomes the only one who can save the universe from the omnipotent Thanos.
Doctor Doom #1-3, 5-6 (2019-2020)
Doctor Doom is accused of attacking a facility dedicated to solving climate change; Doom turns to Kang as his only ally; the pair finally address the alleged familial connection between them.
Doctor Doom #10 (2020)
Kang cameo; Kang returns to modern day Latveria to check in on Doctor Doom.
Tarot #2 (2020)
A distorted Kang arrives in the present day, this time with a warning for the events that a devastating event is coming.
Fantastic Four #35 [2/3] (2021)
Kang, Rama-Tut, Scarlet Centurion and Immortus meet to discuss the questionable actions of Scion, believing him to be a new variation of Nathaniel Richards of Earth-Earth-6311.
Savage Avengers #26-28 (2022)
Kang assists the Savage Avengers against Kulan Gath and travels back in time with Conan to alter the past; but Kang begins to see Conan as a threat.
Venom #8-9 (2022)
Venom finds his consciousness dislodged and sent forward to the Garden of Time where he’s confronted by Kang, but the Conqueror may be doing someone else’s dirty work.
Kang the Conqueror #1-5 (2021-2022)
The aged and retired Kang the Conqueror visits the young Nathaniel Richards – his past self –  to train him to be better than he was; young Nathaniel rebels against the adult Kang but finds destiny difficult to escape.
Timeless #1 (2022)
Kang attempts to prove himself Doctor Doom’s superior, taking on a personal scribe and facing a seemingly threat from Earth-20208; Kang studies a number of events that are due to impact Earth-616’s timeline.
Timeless #1 (2023)
Kang is pursued through time by the Twilight Court as he desperately searches for the Missing Moment.

Notable alternate versions of Kang from around the Marvel Multiverse:

UniverseTitle & SynopsisEvent / Crossover
Earth-57780Spidey Super Stories #24 [3/6] (1976)
Spidey Super Stories #17 [3/3] (1976)
Spidey Super Stories #17 [2/3] (1976)
Spidey Super Stories #24 [5/6] (1977)
Spidey Super Stories #30 [5/5] (1978)
Spidey Super Stories #54 [2/5] (1981)
Kang’s attempts to disrupt America’s bicentennial celebrations are thwarted by Spider-Man and Captain America; Kang’s plans to make American citizens docile, dress them as Spider-Man and kick them around is disrupted by Spider-Man and Lockjaw; Spider-Man and the Fantastic Four stop Kang from stealing the White House, but then go on to help Kang save Ravonna from the Bird-Men and Octopus Men in his own time.
Earth-8386Incredible Hulk #286 (1983)
The Hulk briefly finds himself in a future timeline in which a divergent Kang successfully conquered the 41st Century.
Earth-712Squadron Supreme #2, 9 (1985-1986)
Squadron Supreme: Death of a Universe (1989)
A version of the Scarlet Centurion diverges from the prime after his clash with the Avengers on Earth-689; this Scarlet Centurion finds himself on Earth-712 where he clashes with the Squadron Supreme, though he gets a chance to atone for his actions to save Earth from the Overmind.
Earth-89923What The–?! #7 [1/8] (1990)
Kranky, Master of Time joins forces with Leaks Luthor and the Jokester to trick the Revengers and Just-A-League into fighting each other.

The Last Avengers Story #1-2 (1995)
Kang teams up with Ultron-59, Oddball and the Grim Reaper to kill the last remaining Avengers.
Counter-Earth II (Earth-616)Avengers #2-3, 8, 10 (1996-1997)
The heroes who ‘die’ in battle with Onslaught on Earth-616 are returned to life in a pocket universe, living on a Counter-Earth created by Franklin Richards with no memory of their previous lives; Franklin subconsciously creates versions of their foes, including Kang who opposes the Avengers; Kang is eventually absorbed by Loki of Counter-Earth.
Earth-9602Spider-Boy Team-Up #1 (1997)
Kang the Time-Conqueror (aka Chronos-Tut – an amalgamated version of Kang and DC’s Time-Trapper) faces Spider-Boy and the Legion of Galactic Guardians 2099.
Earth-3066 / Earth-7901Marvel Adventures: Super Heroes #3 (2008)
Giant-Size Marvel Adventures: The Avengers #1 (2007)
Kang of Earth-3066 joins forces with two other alternate Kangs to oppose the Avengers and manipulate the Agents of Atlas.
Earth-2912What If? Fallen Son # 1 (2009)
What If? Newer Fantastic Four # 1 (2009)
What If? Spider-Man Back in Black # 1 (2009)
Iron Lad travels back in time to reshape the Runaways into the next Avengers.
Earth-13074Ultimate Comics: Wolverine #4 (2013)
Ultimate Comics: Ultimates #25-30 (2013)
Sue Storm travels from the future Earth-13074 to present day Earth-1610 to prevent a horrifying future; as Kang, Sue forms the Dark Ultimates to help her locate the Infinity Gems and erase the mutant gene from the timeline; Kang is opposed by the Ultimates.
Earth-34295Edge of Spider-Geddon #1 (2018)
Kang the Conglomerator of the year 2099 owns Kangco Inc Ltd, along with the rights of all the heroes of the Heroic Age; he makes a failed bit to monetise Spider-Punk of Earth-138.
Warp World (Earth-616)Infinity Wars #4 (2018)
Ms Marvel: Beyond the Limit #5 (2022)

Infinity Warps #2 [2/4] (2019)
In order to save the universe from Devondra, Gamora uses the Infinity Stones to fold the universe in half, creating amalgamated versions of its heroes ; on this Warp World, Ms Kang (Kamala Kang) is a n amalgamated version Kang and Ms Marvel; Ms Kang is restored to her separate forms by Emma Frost.
Earth-18651 / Earth-18854 / Earth-92739Exiles #1-12 (2018-2019)
The Exiles recruit this Iron Lad into their line-up to save the multiverse from the Time-Eater; the Time-Eater is revealed to be a divergent Kang who successfully killed versions of Galactus from across the multiverse and gained their power; Iron Lad eventually encounters another divergent Kang from Earth-92739.
Earth-6309 / Earth-8311 / MultiversePeter Parker, the Spectacular Spider-Ham #3-5 (2020)
Kang of Earth-6309 and his Kang Collective attempt to destroy Larval Earth (Earth-8311); they’re opposed by Spider-Man of Earth-616 and Spider-Ham & Kangaroo the Conqueror of Earth-8311 by joining their Kang Club.
Unnumbered Alternate EarthHeroes Reborn: Squadron Savage #1 (2021)
Kang joins the Redeemers to oppose the fascistic Squadron Supreme, but end up facing the Squadron Savage, instead.

A list of Collected Editions that bring the Kang The Conqueror: Nathanial Richards story together…

Collected EditionsIncludes…
Kang: The Saga of the Once and Future ConquerorAll-New, All-Different Avengers #13

Avengers (1963) #8

Avengers (2017) #1-6

Avengers; Back to Basics #5-6

Fantastic Four (1963) #19

Fantastic Four (2018) #35

Moon Knight Annual #1

Symbiote Spider-Man: King in Black #1-5

Timeless (2022) #1
Kang: Only Myself Left to ConquerKang the Conqueror #1-5
Avengers: Kang – Time and Time AgainAvengers #69-71, 267-269

Incredible Hulk #135

Thor #140
Avengers: The Once and Future KangAvengers #267-269

Collected EditionsIncludes…
Avengers Epic Collection: Kang War (vol.8)

Avengers: The Celestial Madonna Saga
Avengers #128-129, 131-132

Giant-Size Avengers #2-4
Avengers by Busiek & Perez Omnibus vol.1

Avengers Forever
Avengers Forever #1-12
Avengers Assemble vol.4-5

Avengers by Busiek & Perez Omnibus vol.2
Avengers #38-46, 48-54
Avengers: The Kang DynastyAvengers #41-54

Avengers Annual 2001
Young Avengers by Allan Heinberg & Jim Cheung Omnibus HCYoung Avengers #1-6

Young Avengers Special #1

Avengers: The Children’s Crusade #4-9

Avengers: The Children’s Crusade – Young Avengers #1

Reading Order ©OmniverseComicsGuide 2023

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